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Inchcolm


Place Details
Place ID 600170
Registration Type State Heritage
Place Name Inchcolm
Place Classification Built
Place Category Health and Care Services
Place Type Medical offices
Themes 10 Providing health and welfare services / 10.1 Providing health services
Register Entry Date 23/03/1998

Location
Address 73 Wickham Terrace
Town / Suburb SPRING HILL
Post Code 4000
LGA BRISBANE CITY COUNCIL

Cultural Heritage Significance
Principal Period
of Significance
1930 (fabric) 1920s-1930s (historical)
Criterion A Inchcolm is important in demonstrating the interwar evolution of Wickham Terrace as an important medical specialist precinct in Brisbane, and is associated with the development of specialist medicine in Queensland
Criterion D Inchcolm is an accomplished and intact building which is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a purpose-built interwar medical office building, including in the restrained design the assertion of medical specialist prestige
Criterion E As one of a related group of classical facades, and in particular in association with adjacent Lister House, Inchcolm with its neo-Georgian facade exhibits a strong contribution to the Wickham Terrace streetscape, which is valued by the community
Criterion H The building has a special association with Brisbane architect EP Trewern, as an example of his work

History
History This five-storeyed masonry office building was constructed in 1930, on a site which has been associated with the medical profession since the 1880s, when the first Inchcolm was established by Dr John Thomson. This building contained both his private residence and consulting rooms, and during the 1910s and 1920s it operated as a private hospital. The property was transferred to the Wharf Street Congregational Church in 1925, and subsequently sold in 1929 to Inchcolm Ltd, a group of medical practitioners initiated by George Douglas. The company commissioned Brisbane architect Eric Percival Trewern, who was influential in popularising Georgian revival style in Brisbane domestic building during the interwar years, to design a new medical office building for the site. Constructed by builders J I Green & Son in 1930, Inchcolm was part of the interwar redevelopment of the medical precinct along Wickham Terrace, which included Brisbane Clinic (QHR 600171), Ballow Chambers (QHR 600164), Wickham House, and Craigston (QHR 600165). Their construction constituted the second phase (the first being in the 1880s) of the Terrace's growth as a medical precinct, and was indicative of new directions toward specialist medicine in Queensland in the interwar years. Inchcolm continues to be used by the medical profession.

Description
Description Inchcolm is located at the eastern end of Wickham Terrace, overlooking the city centre, within an area dominated by buildings accommodating the medical and allied professions. The building comprises four storeys to parapet level, with a basement and another floor above and behind the parapet. The Georgian-style facade is of English bond face red brickwork, contrasted with rendered detailing. The ground floor level is rendered and scored to resemble ashlar, and the small projecting arched entrance is crowned by a cornice and parapet. Internally the building is divided into suites of medical offices, accessed via a narrow central corridor on each level. The ground floor lobby features entrance doors with cut bevelled glazing, dark-stained silky oak panelling to picture-rail height, plaster ceiling panels with moulded cornices, and terrazzo borders in the passageway in front of the elevator, which is located in the middle of the eastern side of the building. This panelled and metal-meshed lift installation, which was designed to accommodate stretcher patients, is circled by a staircase which services all levels. The stairwell walls are rendered and pointed to resemble stone work. Although some remodelling of individual offices has occurred, the interior public spaces remain substantially intact and sustain the ambience of a 1930s building.

Element
Element Name Inchcolm
Designer Name Trewern, Eric P
Style Georgian
Design Period 1919 - 1930s Interwar period
Builder Name Green, JI & Son
Construction Period 1930 - 1930
Construction Method Load-bearing brick
Fabric (Exterior Structure) Brick - face

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Last updated: 15 March 2013

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