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Caskey Monument


Place Details
Place ID 600335
Registration Type State Heritage
Place Name Caskey Monument
Place Classification Built
Place Category Monuments and Memorials
Place Type Memorial/Monument
Themes 8 Creating social and cultural institutions / 8.6 Commemorating significant events
1 Peopling places / 1.4 Family and marking the phases of life
Register Entry Date 21/10/1992

Location
Address 124 Birdwood Terrace
Town / Suburb TOOWONG
Post Code 4066
LGA BRISBANE CITY COUNCIL

Cultural Heritage Significance
Principal Period
of Significance
1902 (fabric, historical)
Criterion A The Caskey Monument at Toowong, [unusually, a Government sponsored memorial to an individual], is important as the first known South African War memorial in Queensland and a model for later monuments in this state.
Criterion B The Caskey Monument at Toowong, [unusually, a Government sponsored memorial to an individual], is important as the first known South African War memorial in Queensland and a model for later monuments in this state.The monument provides a unique source of historical information, and the design is important in illustrating the social fashion and attitudes of its era.
Criterion D The monument provides a unique source of historical information, and the design is important in illustrating the social fashion and attitudes of its era. The Caskey Monument at Toowong, [unusually, a Government sponsored memorial to an individual], is important as the first known South African War memorial in Queensland and a model for later monuments in this state.
Criterion E The monument provides a unique source of historical information, and the design is important in illustrating the social fashion and attitudes of its era.

History
History This monument was erected at Toowong Cemetery in May 1902 in memory of Lieutenant Lachlan John Caskey, who was killed in action at Makari Drift, Caledon River, South Africa on 27 September 1901. He was 31 years old. Caskey was a member of the 5th Queensland Imperial Bushmen and, like all Australian troops participating in the South African [Boer] War of 1899-1902, was a volunteer. As a member of the QIB he was under British command, and his pay was issued by the colonial government at an English cavalryman's rate. The Caskey Monument is the first known South African War monument to be erected in Queensland. A design competition was won by prominent monumental mason William Busby, a public committee was established to raise the £70 construction cost, and the project was sponsored by the State Government. Caskey was a sportsman and school teacher, and his monument was unveiled by the Minister of Public Instruction. The Caskey Monument is one of only four known South African War monuments in Brisbane, the others being the Berry and MacFarlane Monument [1902] at Sherwood (QHR 600292), the Anning Monument [1903] at Hemmant (QHR 600220) and the South African War Memorial [1919] in Anzac Square (QHR 600060). The design of the Caskey Monument, particularly the obelisk and draped shroud, appears to have been the model for the others. Another monument to Caskey, erected near Allora where he had taught, has been lost.

Description
Description The monument, which consists of an obelisk on a pedestal, is executed in Helidon sandstone and stands 5 metres high. The white sandstone obelisk is draped in a shroud. A sword is carved in relief on the front face. Below it is a quill, a tribute to Caskey's academic achievements. On the west face are crossed tennis racquets and on the east, crossed cricket bats, acknowledging his sporting interests. This theme is continued with a football on the front of the pedestal. The pedestal also features recessed slabs of Italian marble on all sides, flanked by columns of brown sandstone. The front slab bears a leaded inscription. The monument is surrounded by a sandstone retaining wall.

Element
Element Name Caskey Monument
Designer Name Busby, William
Design Period 1900 - 1914 Early 20th century
Builder Name Busby, William
Construction Period 1902 - 1902
Construction Method Coursed stone
Fabric (Exterior Structure) Stone - sandstone
Place Components Memorial - obelisk

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Last updated: 15 March 2013

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