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Saltwater Creek Railway Bridge


Place Details
Place ID 600370
Registration Type State Heritage
Place Name Saltwater Creek Railway Bridge
Alternative Name Millaquin Bridge
Place Classification Built
Place Category Transport - Rail
Place Type Bridge - railway
Themes 5 Moving goods, people and information / 5.3 Using rail
Register Entry Date 21/10/1992

Location
Address Quay Street
Town / Suburb BUNDABERG
Post Code 4670
LGA BUNDABERG REGIONAL COUNCIL

Cultural Heritage Significance
Principal Period
of Significance
1890s (fabric)
Criterion A A late 19th century bridge which is the second oldest extant with screw piles in Queensland, on what was constructed as a private railway to government standards.
Criterion C (Criterion under review)
Criterion D A late 19th century bridge which is the second oldest extant with screw piles in Queensland, on what was constructed as a private railway to government standards.
Criterion F (Criterion under review)

History
History Agitation for a railway from Bundaberg to the Woongarra district began in the 1880s and a line was surveyed during 1889-91. In the absence of funds for government construction and with the support of the railway commissioners, Robert Cran of the Millaquin sugar refinery near Bundaberg, was authorised by an Act of Parliament in 1892, to construct a private railway from Bundaberg to the sugar refinery. Plans were prepared for the bridge in 1893. Tenders were called by the government and a contract for construction was awarded to James Overend in January 1894. The railway was opened for traffic on 9 July 1894. The railway was acquired by the State Government on 3 December 1912. In 1917 an Act of Parliament approved the acquisition of the railway to Woongarra. In 1918 the State Government acquired the extension of the railway which had been constructed by the Shire Council. In 1965 plans were prepared for strengthening the bridge with steel girders suitable for a 12 ton axle loading. This was subsequently undertaken with re-used girders from the Gold Coast.

Description
Description Saltwater Creek bridge includes one 50 foot plate girder span with steel cross girders and longitudinals, seven 20 and two 26 foot timber spans, supported on seven timber piers, two concrete cylinder piers, and two timber abutments. Bundaberg embankment. 4x1x2x20 foot (6.1m) timber longitudinals, concrete abutment, common braced timber trestles, (two on timber foundations) or a common concrete pier (piers 1 to 5). 1x2x2x26 foot (7.9m) timber longitudinals, common braced timber trestle on a concrete foundation (pier 5), common cast iron cylinders with screw piles (pier 6). 1x2x50 foot (15.2m) half-through plate girders with steel cross girders, steel longitudinals, common cast iron cylinder piers with screw piles (piers 6 and 7). 1x2x2x26 foot (7.9m) timber longitudinals, common cast iron cylinders with screw piles (pier 7), common braced timber trestle (pier 8). 3x1x2x20 foot (6.1m) timber longitudinals, common braced timber trestles (piers 8 to 11).

Element
Element Name Saltwater Creek Railway Bridge
Design Period 1870s - 1890s Late 19th century
Builder Name Overend, James
Construction Period 1894 - 1894
Construction Method Frame - steel
Fabric (Exterior Structure) Metal - steel
Place Components Abutments - railway bridge
Pier/s (bridge)

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Last updated: 15 March 2013

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