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Nuggety Gully Water Race and Chinese Camp


Place Details
Place ID 600426
Registration Type State Heritage
Place Name Nuggety Gully Water Race and Chinese Camp
Alternative Name Greasy Bill Creek water race
Prospect Creek Stone Walls
Star of Normanby Mine
Place Classification Built
Archaeological
Place Category Mining and Mineral Processing
Place Type Mining camp/settlement
Themes 2 Exploiting, utilising and transforming the land / 2.2 Exploiting natural resources
1 Peopling places / 1.2 Migration from outside and within
Register Entry Date 21/10/1992

Location
Address Mareeba Mining District
Town / Suburb LAKELAND
Post Code 4871
LGA COOK SHIRE COUNCIL

Cultural Heritage Significance
Principal Period
of Significance
1878c-1886c (Fabric)
Criterion A The Nuggety Gully stone-pitched retaining walls and Chinese camp are significant in Queensland's history as the finest and most extensive surviving example of Chinese stonework.
Criterion B The direct associations of stone retaining walls, Chinese camp sites and conventional mine workings is exceptional.
Criterion C Further archaeological and archival investigation could yield information on the extent of Chinese activities and involvement in the Star of Normanby mine area.
Criterion D The quality of the stonework is significant and it has remained intact due to the broken nature of the country and the difficulties in achieving vehicle access, discouraging subsequent attempts at remining.
Criterion E (Criterion under review)
Criterion H (Criterion under review)

History
History Gold was first discovered "officially" in the West Normanby River area, southwest of Cooktown, in November 1874. The first official figures estimate that by the end of January 1875, over 600 men were on the field, many from Maytown. At this point no Chinese appear to have been allowed (by Mining Warden Phillip Sellheim) to enter the diggings. However, by February 1878, at least 200 Chinese were reported to be working the alluvials. In May 1886 Mining Warden Howard Saint George visited the diggings and reported 34 Europeans working the reefs and thirty to forty Chinese employed exclusively in alluvial workings and in gardening. There were three gardens principally devoted to maize, for which there was a ready sale at the reefs. In 1898 R. L. Jack, the Government Geologist, took a hurried look at the reefs long after most of the diggings had been abandoned. His map shows Chinese camps in the district but not at Nuggety Gully, between "Prospector's Gully" and the Star of Normanby reef. Therefore it is likely that the retaining walls and terraced camp site were constructed between 1878 (the heyday of early mining) and 1886.

Description
Description Nuggety Gully is a deep ravine with a dry rocky watercourse which drains into Prospect (originally Prospector's) Creek The place includes a series of stone-pitched retaining walls that extend intermittently along Nuggety Gully for a distance of 600 m north of the Prospect Creek junction from co-ordinates 15.58.53 S - 144.55.54 E to 15.58.37 S - 144.55.56 E. The retaining walls are constructed predominantly on the western side of the Gully. On some bends they are constructed on both sides of the creek, and in two or more tiers. The narrowest sections of the creek between retaining walls are about 2 m in width. The walls vary from 1 m to 2 m in height. The Star of Normanby gold mine workings, comprising a small open cut and a caved shaft, extend across Nuggety Gully about 300 m north of Prospect Creek and are in direct association with the retaining walls. A Chinese settlement site is located on Prospect Creek at its junction with Nuggety Gully. The site comprises nine small earth terraces, several containing stone edging and two containing fireplaces. The larger stone fireplace or oven has recently been partially reconstructed and sticks have been placed across the top. This structure has been wrongly described in a nomination to the Australian Heritage Commission for entry on the Register of the National Estate as "a fort in which Chinese miners hid from attacking Aborigines and fired on them".

Element
Element Name Nuggety Gully Water Race and Chinese Camp
Design Period 1870s - 1890s Late 19th century
Construction Period 1878c - 1886c
Place Components Terracing
Fireplace
Wall/s - retaining
Mine - open cut
Water race
Shaft

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Last updated: 15 March 2013

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