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Splitters Creek Railway Bridge


Place Details
Place ID 600529
Registration Type State Heritage
Place Name Splitters Creek Railway Bridge
Alternative Name Splitters Creek Railway Bridge (Sharon)
Place Classification Built
Place Category Transport - Rail
Place Type Bridge - railway
Themes 5 Moving goods, people and information / 5.3 Using rail
Register Entry Date 21/10/1992

Location
Address Bundaberg - Mount Perry Line
Town / Suburb SPLITTERS CREEK
Post Code 4670
LGA BUNDABERG REGIONAL COUNCIL

Cultural Heritage Significance
Principal Period
of Significance
1870s (fabric) 1881-1993 (Historical use)
Criterion A (Criterion under review)
Criterion B A late 19th century timber trestle bridge, representative of a type once more widespread in Queensland, with riveted half-through continuous plate girder main spans which are the oldest extant of their type in Queensland.
Criterion D A late 19th century timber trestle bridge, representative of a type once more widespread in Queensland, with riveted half-through continuous plate girder main spans which are the oldest extant of their type in Queensland.
Criterion E (Criterion under review)

History
History The contract for the first section of the Mount Perry railway was awarded to J. & A. Overend and Company in November 1878. Progress on the railway was delayed during 1879 by construction of the bridge over Splitters Creek. The original design required screw pile foundations, but a deep bed of boulders was encountered and cast iron caissons, later filled with concrete and brickwork, had to be sunk instead. Work was further delayed by an unsuccessful attempt by the contractors to use coffer dams to aid the sinking of the piers. The bridge was completed in 1880 with the use of compressed air equipment obtained from the engineer for the Fitzroy River bridge. The contract was completed in February 1881 at an additional cost of #1,461 due to the difficulties experienced in building the bridge. The railway was opened for traffic between North Bundaberg and Moolboolaman on 19 July 1881. The bridge's aging plate girders and long timber spans caused restrictions on the use of heavy engines on the line and as early as 1916, no two attached PB15 or B15 class locomotives were permitted n the bridge at the same time. By 1958 two attached locomotives were allowed on the bridge at the same time if sanctioned by the District Superintendent and only at a speed not exceeding 4 miles per hour. By 1971 two attached diesel-hydraulic locomotives were allowed on the bridge at the same time provided the train was stopped before crossing and the speed did not exceed 4 miles per hour. The last operating section of the railway, from North Bundaberg to Gin Gin including the bridge, was closed to traffic on 25 January 1993.

Description
Description The bridge comprises two 60 foot plate girder spans with timber longitudinals and timber approach spans including 36 foot spans strengthened with strut and crown, other spans by truss and tie rods. Metal girders are continuos over two spans and support cross-girders at lower flange level. These carry longitudinal timber stringers on which the rails rest. Oakwood embankment. 2x1x2x20 foot (6.1m) timber longitudinals, common timber trestles, (piers 1 to 3). 2x1x2x36 foot (11.0m) timber longitudinals with understrutting, common timber piers on concrete bases (piers 3 to 5). 3x1x2x36 foot (11.0m) timber longitudinals with undertrussing, common timber piers on concrete bases (piers 5 to 8). 2x2x60 foot (18.3m) riveted half-through continuous plate girders with steel cross girders, timber longitudinals, common timbers piers on concrete bases (piers 8 to 10). 3x1x2x36 foot (11.0m) timber longitudinals with undertrussing, common timber piers on concrete bases (piers 10 to 13). 12x1x2x36 foot (11.0m) timber longitudinals with undertrussing, common timber piers on concrete bases (piers 13 to 25). 3x1x2x20 foot (6.1m) timber longitudinals, common timber piers on concrete bases (piers 25 to 28). Concrete abutment.

Element
Element Name Splitters Creek Railway Bridge
Design Period 1870s - 1890s Late 19th century
Builder Name J & A Overend
Construction Period 1879 - 1880
Construction Method Frame - steel
Fabric (Exterior Structure) Metal - steel
Place Components Pier/s (bridge)
Abutments - railway bridge

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Last updated: 15 March 2013

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